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  Physical Changes
to the Coast
  Settlements & Society
  Managing the Coast
  Schools Learning Materials
Introduction to the materials in the archive

Going to the Seaside - Exemplar materials for National Curriculum Geography Key Stages 1&2

The New Smugglers - Exemplar materials for National Curriculum Key Stages 3&4

Mapping Change in Place and Society

Diversity and Citizenship in the Countryside

  The New Smugglers  

The site is designed to link historical information to the present-day problem of smuggling. It is intended to provide access to archival material which can be used to stimulate both interest in and ask questions about the issues which smuggling poses in the past and today. The material is designed to be used by teachers within class situations which they manage. It is not designed to provide detailed lesson plans but is intended as a resource that can be drawn from to suit individual needs.

It has the following structure, comprising five sections:

Section 1. Introduction to the site's aims and objectives and how it can be used.

Section 2. Smuggling Resources outlines the types of material which are available and provides links to it.

Section 3. Exemplars from the DCDA of smuggling archival material and how it might be used.

Section 4. Sample Learning Activities for National Curriculum KS3

a) Citizenship b) History c) Geography
These highlight possibilities for cross-curricular work

Section 5. Sample Learning Activities for National Curriculum KS4 Citizenship

Links are given to additional material, other sites and source materials for Learning Activities.

A set of key questions are used to provide a structure with specific questions highlighted before the Section which addresses them.These may provide guidance for PLENARY sessions or the framework for a series of lessons

Where original documents are provided, a transcript is also provided. This will usually be in a link alongside the original text. You may print any of the material for educational purposes, provided that the DCDA is acknowledged as the source.

If you have come directly to this part of the DCDA site, you may find it helpful to visit the Introduction to the Learning Packages.






Section 1 - Introduction

The Smugglers breakingopen the Customs House at Poole, Oct 7th 1747

Smuggling is a major present-day social, moral and legal issue, involving amongst other things the smuggling of people and drugs. Smuggling in some form has existed in Britain since the 14th century and was often a very important part of local economies. Poetry, novels, myths and legends surround it. It has often involved all levels of society in illegal activities and corruption. This raises very important questions about

  • our attitudes to smuggling in the past,
  • how smuggling and smugglers are often romanticised
  • how smuggling has changed
  • the moral and legal dilemmas that smuggling poses
  • the reasons for smuggling and its control today.
  • As a starter activity, students might be asked to consider the headlines below.

    Box 1.1

    Ringleader of one of Europe 's biggest people-smuggling operations jailed for eight and a half years. Scotland Yard's biggest investigation into human smuggling.
    (News item 4th October 2006)

    “Last week one of the Greyhound revenue cutter's boats seized and brought into this port 224 casks of foreign spirits”
    (Extract from a letter from Weymouth , Jan 12 printed in The Dorchester & Sherborne Journal (and Taunton & Somerset Herald) 18th January 1799

    Harriet Tubman, a former slave, was a “courageous woman who is remembered for her actions” in smuggling slaves.
    National Curriculum History)

    TV hospital drama series “ Holby City ” includes incident based on people smuggling
    (BBC1 TV 18 th November 2006)

    Police in the Indian state of Bihar have set up a special force because thousands of Buddhist relics are being smuggled out of the state
    (Reuters November 2006)

    “While superintending the church music (from 1801 onward to about 1805) my grandfather used to do a little smuggling”
    (Extract from Thomas Hardy's notebooks)

    Box 1.2

    The following questions provide a framework for learning activities and are repeated later on with highlighting to identify which questions are being addressed. By the end of the starter activity in BOX 1.2, students might have produced the following list or a similar one

    Box 1.3

    What is smuggling?
    Who smuggles?
    What do they smuggle?
    Why smuggle?
    Who controls smuggling?
    What happens if you are caught?
    Have attitudes to smuggling changed?
    Are the issues the same today as in the past?

    Box 1.4

    What the resource does

    This resource explores ways in which the Dorset Coast Digital Archive (DCDA) can be used to investigate an important present-day social and legal issue, SMUGGLING , through investigating smuggling in the past and how smuggling is dealt with today. There are many small local museums around the British coast which include smuggling material and identify individual smugglers. There are also a number of national websites that describe smuggling, including H.M. Customs and Excise

    This Learning Package provides access to the archival materials and through them stimulates exploration and discussion around the contemporary record, reporting and debate about smuggling. Past and present events have many similarities in the conflicts, dilemmas and effects that are reported. Past events provide a stimulus for further investigation of how attitudes have since changed or remain the same. For example, when do we see smugglers as ‘good' or ‘bad'? Archival materials provide descriptions of historical activities and prompt further exploration of these activities both today and in the past. Museums and archives help us understand the present.

    The Smugglers breakingopen the Customs House at Poole, Oct 7th 1747

    The Smugglers Inn, Osmington, is said to date back to the 13th century and to have been used by a notorious smuggler known as French Peter or Pierre Latour.

    National Curriculum and Objectives

    The Learning Package supports many areas of the National Curriculum, but particularly Citizenship, Geography and History. There are

    •  direct digital links to images
    •  cross-references to learning objectives
    •  information about the images and
    •  references to other source material, available through partnership links.

    These resources are designed to lead pupils through an enquiry-based learning process, whereby evidence is presented and pupils respond to it. Allowing children to express their opinions and understanding of issues at a range of scales (local, national and international) are core components of developing important geographical enquiry and skills. Similar approaches are suggested for historical studies, which also focus on citizenship and diversity objectives.

    The materials, links and activities are intended to develop the spirit and skills of enquiry by

    •  developing an understanding that historical archives provide a route into debate about contemporary issues
    •  demonstrating how specific archival materials can prompt questions which are not only about historical, social and economic activities,
    •  developing comparisons with present-day attitudes and approaches to citizenship and responsibility


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